For the prevention of diseases not only is it necessary a good immune response on the part of the animal, but it is also necessary to carry out an adequate management of the animals and their facilities, to prevent and control diseases in addition to guaranteeing the welfare of the livestock.
Because it is important?
There is a saying that “better safe than sorry” is and how true it is. The health of the animals does not only depend on detecting any signs of discomfort in the animals early and treating them when they need it. Daily management is essential to ensure their health, productivity and well-being. For this we must:
- Take preventive measures where a specific health program must be elaborated, implemented and periodically reviewed.
- Have proper handling and accommodation.
- Disease control: quarantine, cleaning and disinfection.
Disease control from the source
In disease control and prevention there is a very important part of livestock and farm management, where we must have clear information about what we have and are doing. For this, it is necessary that we collect this information using records or formats (specific programs or files) for collecting information that, implemented in an adequate way, allow us to make decisions to achieve an adequate management of production, reproduction and the economy of the cattle raising. This is a key mission of the farmer that must be supported and advised by your veterinarian.
Veterinarians will also play a critical role as part of the animal disease prevention and control system, and are primarily responsible for early detection and rapid response to emerging or re-emerging animal disease outbreaks. Hence, the constant training and information of professionals in the field is a priority, since it guarantees and reinforces the quality and effectiveness of disease prevention and control systems.
Disease prevention in cattle
Prevention is achieved through the set of measures practiced in order to prevent the entry and spread of diseases and causal agents of infection to the production unit, thus protecting the animals. How do you get it? According to the National Antibiotic Resistance Plan or PRAN there are several key points.
Biosecurity in facilities
Taking care of livestock facilities is the first step we must take to prevent disease. And there are 5 super important aspects in relation to the location
- Properly locate the facilities for animals avoiding the situation near public roads.
- Try to locate the animals protected from adverse weather conditions. Especially in calves in the fattening phase
- The appropriate materials and designs for each installation.
- Disinfection. We must provide the disinfectant means to operators and visitors.
- Keep the production unit and its surroundings clean. Hygiene will always help and will be a key factor in disease prevention.
Biosecurity and handling in animals
Control the entry of new animals. The quarantine in our farms tries to “avoid” or “limit” direct contact between a group of animals that come to our farm (whose health status, in many cases, we do not know), of those that are already in it. In addition, we must carry out a diagnosis carried out by the veterinarian, before incorporation into the herd.
Establish groups to facilitate management. It will help differentiate between those who have just arrived, those who might be sick, and those who are healthy.
Comply with vaccinations and preventive deworming.
Vaccination is very useful in the prevention and control of many diseases, provided it is in line with the effective disease control program. It is a very important point, but it cannot be the only one. Used as the sole measure, it usually does not achieve the desired results unless the vaccination program is part of an integrated control strategy that implements a combination of control measures.
Once we have all of the above covered, constant surveillance of the animals is the best way to detect any factor that triggers disease early. It should be said that it is everyone’s responsibility to take care of our animals in the best possible way. And part of that responsibility is being well trained and informed. Training those who work with livestock and demanding that the farms of origin be responsible for animal welfare, is as important as raising awareness and disseminating about disease prevention.
We must be aware of whether we are doing everything possible to prevent them from getting sick and whether we can do better in the beef sector. Something positIve is always possible to work on the relationship between veterinarians and farmers. A relationship of trust, communication and teamwork.